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Kapurthala and Punjabi Literature


Sabar Koti

KapurthalaSabar Koti Sabar Koti was born into a family of musicians. Initiated to the richness of the Patiala Gharana of classical music by his father and guru Amar Nath, Koti started performing on stage at the age of 9. Later, his talent was honed under the tutelage of Pooran Shah Koti. Among his popular hits are Kargai ai sauda sada, Oh mausam wangu badal gaye, Asin dhur andar tak leera hoi baithe aan, Aaye haaye gulabo, ?Saun da mahina hove and Peengh hulare laindi. .



VeerendraAbout:Veerendra was born on 16th August 1948 in Phagwara, Punjab in India. He was a noted Writer, Director, and Producer.

Career :He was primarily into Punjabi films but tried his hands at Hindi movies too. He was a cousin of famous Bollywood actor Dharmendra and both were born in the same house at Phagwara.Veerinder Singh originally famously referred to as Veerendra, made his debut with a film called Teri Meri Ek Jindri, which was released in the year 1975, which also featured Dharmendra. He was a very favored actor in the Punjabi films, in the 1980s decade. Some of his famous films were, Lambhardarni, Balbiro Bhabhi and Dushmani Dee Agg which were released after his death.He also tried his luck at Hindi films and acted in films like Do Chehere and Khel Muqaddar Ka.

In 1981, his winning of the third Punjab collegiate competition award was marked with a "golden star" pendant. Malkit adopted the name for his band, and the Golden Star band is as synonymous to Malkit as the E-Street Band is to Bruce Springsteen.He was assassinated on 06-12-1988 while he was shooting for the film Jatt De Zameen.

Purushottama Lal

PurushottamaLal About : Purushottama Lal was born on 28th August 1929. He was popularly known as P. Lal. He was an Indian Essayist, Poet, Professor, Translator and a Publisher. He was the originator and publisher of Writers Workshop in Calcutta, which was formed in 1958.

Career: Purushottamalal, the founder and publisher of Writers Workshop in Kolkata, was a multi-talented personality. P. Lal, as he was commonly known, was a poet, essayist, translator, academic, and publisher. Professor P. Lal wrote as many as 8 poetry books, many books on children stories, over a dozen books on literary criticism and most importantly a large number of translations from different languages, into English. But the best-known work of him as a translator perhaps is the translation of the entire epic, Mahabharata into English. He has also translated many religious works such as 21 volumes of Upanishads, and many modern writers? works as well such as Tagore and Premchand.His translation of Mahabharata was not only poetic and swift for the readers but also a complete work in any language. In 1958, he founded the Writers Workshop. Since its foundation, over 3000 volumes of Indian literary works have been published. Many authors, who went on to fame, published their first books from here which include the likes of Vikram Seth and Pritish Nandy. Seahorse in the sky by G Kameshwar and Labyrinth by ArunabhaSengupta were among his latter works with which he was engaged in his final years. He was an honorary Professor of English at St. Xavier?s College, where he did his higher studies, for over forty years. He also visited in many American colleges and universities such as Hofstra University, University of Illinois, Ohio University, Berea College and Western Maryland College. .

Awards : Receipt Purushottam Lal was awarded Padma Shri by the Indian Government. He received Honorary Doctorate of Latters from Western Maryland College


PranAbout: Pran was born on 12 February 1920 in Ballimaran, Kotgarh Old Delhi, into a wealthy Punjabi family. His father, Kewal Krishan Sikand, was a civil engineer and a government civil contractor, his mother was Rameshwari. Pran was one of seven children; four sons and three daughters.Pran was academically gifted, especially in mathematics. His father had a transferable job, and so Pran studied in various places, including Dehradun, KAPURTHALA PUNJAB, Meerut and Unnao, finally completing his matriculation from Hamid School, in Rampur (U.P.). Thereafter, he joined A. Das & Co., Delhi as an apprentice to become a professional photographer. He travelled to Shimla and played the role of Sita in a local staging of "Ramlila". Madan Puri enacted the role of Rama in this play.

Career : Pran got his first role in Dalsukh M. Pancholi's Punjabi film Yamla Jat (1940) because of an accidental meeting with writer Wali Mohammad Wali at a shop in Lahore.Directed by Moti B. Gidwani, the film featured Noor Jehan and Durga Khote. This was followed by small roles in the film Chaudhary and Khajanchi, both in 1941. Pancholi cast him again in Khandaan (1942), which was Pran's first Hindi film. It featured him as a romantic hero, opposite Noor Jehan, who had acted with him in Yamla Jat as a child artist. In Khandaan, she was under 15 years old and compensated for the difference in their heights in close-up shots by standing on top of bricks. In the pre-partition era, director Gidwani cast Pran in more films like Kaise Kahoon (1945) and Khamosh Nigahen (1946).Pran had acted in 22 films from 1942 to 1946 in Lahore; 18 were released by 1947. Due to India's partition in 1947, his career had a brief break. His films from 1944 to 1947 were made in undivided India, but Taraash (1951) and Khanabadosh (1952) (both co-starring Manorama) were released only in Pakistan after Partition. He left Lahore and arrived in Bombay. For a few months, he looked for acting opportunities while doing other jobs. He worked in Delmar Hotel, Marine Drive for eight months, after which he got a chance to act in 1948.Because of help from writer Saadat Hasan Manto and actor Shyam, he got a role in the Bombay Talkies' film, Ziddi which starred Dev Anand and Kamini Kaushal in the lead roles and was directed by Shaheed Latif. The movie launched Pran's career in Bombay. Incidentally, it proved to be Dev Anand's big break as a hero. By 1950 he had been gradually established as a premier villain in Hindi cinema. Within a week of Ziddi's success, he had signed three more films ? S M Yusuf's Grihasti (1948), which became a diamond jubilee hit, Prabhat Films's Apradhi (1949) and Wali Mohammad's Putli (1949). By then, Wali Mohammad, who was responsible for Pran's first role, had come to Bombay and became a producer, setting up an office at Famous Studios, near Mahalaxmi Racecourse. In the 1940s, romantic duets featuring him, like the songs "Tere Naaz Uthane Ko Jee Chahta Hai" from Grihasti, opposite Shardha, and from Khandaan (1942), with Noor Jehan, became popular in the 1940s. The way he expressed his dialogues in films such as Sheesh Mahal (1950), a series of disguises he made in Adalat (1958), and the rapport he shared with vamps like Kuldip Kaur in Jashan (1955) showcased his versatility in the 1950s..

Awards and Honours : Pran has been honoured with awards for his portrayal of negative characters. He has received three Filmfare Awards in the Best Supporting Actor category for Upkar, Aansoo Ban Gaye Phool and Be-Imaan. However, in 1973 when he was awarded for his role of constable Ram Singh in Be-Imaan, he refused to accept the award stating that the Filmfare Award for Best Music Director should have gone to Ghulam Mohammed for Pakeezah and not to the musical duo Shankar Jaikishan for Be-imaan. He was awarded with three Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards for his supporting roles.For his vast contributions to Indian cinema, Pran has been honoured with Lifetime Achievement awards, including those of Filmfare, Star Screen Awards and Zee Cine Awards. In 2001, the Government of India conferred the Padma Bhushan on him. In April 2013, he was announced to be the winner of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the most prestigious award of the Indian cinema, presented by the Government of India. The award was presented to him at the 60th National Film Awards for his lifetime of work in the film industry. Celebrities congratulated him on this occasion with Amitabh Bachchan calling him "a large pillar of the Indian Film Industry" on his Twitter feed. He was a contender of the award for the previous year with Manoj Kumar and Vyjayanthimala, but Soumitra Chatterjee was chosen as the awardee.